As 3D printing technology becomes increasingly more important, users’ demand for 3D printing material has also become more complex. The team designed and produced a newly-fashioned 3D printing filament material (PLA + Carbon Fiber) at a lower overall operational cost with sustainability and also developed the industrial application of this new material.
Team: Johann Chow , Xiao Liu , Nagapratik Mundla, Jiayun Shao, Apoorva Sooranahalli, Tsung-Ying Tsai
The current ﬁlament’s material properties would not suﬃce the needs of most users.
- Industrial manufacturers
- Research Institutes / Students
Why 3D printing?
- Good for comparing and prototype
- Fast to print
- Easier to test new ideas
Our goal is to create new 3D printer materials that have properties that are determinable by customers that has better mechanical properties, is low-cost, and time-efficient.
The result of 60+ such user interviews: wearability and stress.
Q: What would you like to print with the material having no limits?
A: I would like to print more functional parts like a gearbox if I can have stronger printing materials. PLA is too soft.
- Math: Hashin-Shtrikman Bounds
- Algorithm: Machine learning
- Function: Predict material’s properties
Test and Result
We tested our PLA+CF ﬁlament with tensile test machine and obtain the mechanical properties. In conclusion, with the increase of carbon ﬁber, Young’s Modulus will be higher than pure PLA. But the mixture will become fragile, which means lower ultimate tensile strength. Besides, under the same ratio of carbon to PLA, cross-section area has little inﬂuence on Young’s Modulus but aﬀects ultimate tensile strength obviously.
The 3D printing industry grew by 17.4 percent and worths $60.63 billions in 2016.
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